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50 Fun Facts about Vaccines

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As we turn the final pages of the year 2020, COVID-19 vaccines are being given to people in the US and the UK. Undoubtedly, this is the shortest humankind has taken to roll out a vaccine as is evident in the image below.  Science textbooks have reminded us time and again that Edward Jenner created the first vaccine in the world and the work he pioneered in the late 1700s has helped us not only eradicate smallpox but also fight other diseases like polio, yellow fever, chickenpox to name a few. So, here are some fun facts about vaccinations that you likely did not know.  Let’s begin with some controversy.    Edward Jenner did not pioneer vaccination.  People knew well that milkmaids infected with cowpox are immune from smallpox outbreaks.  Jenner was a genius who converted local wisdom into a controlled protocol. He studied if the protocol gave reproducible results.   Like all big discoveries, Jenner’s discovery was no overnight success. He began studying cowpox in the year 1770. He stud

RECYCLING STEEL! totally rocks

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Steel is created when iron is mixed with carbon and a few other compounds. It is one of the most versatile, man-made alloys, being used. We use steel for almost everything, from automobiles, ships and bridges to utensils, cutlery and jewellery. But, did you know that steel is one of the most environment friendly components, being almost 100% recyclable . According to a statistic from 2009 about 66.8% of the steel in the world was recycled that year.                                   White-hot steel pours like water from a 35-ton electric furnace, Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp., Brackenridge, Pa.  (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Recycling of steel is not a new phenomenon. It was put into action years ago, and because it was more economical than mining iron ore and making fresh steel from it, recycling steel gained popularity over the years. More importantly, steel, on recycling, does not lose its inherent strength. So if you think of it, your fork and spoon may have someday been a