Salt intake and Kidney Stones

Salt and Kidney stones
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are several medical mysteries that are yet to be solved but here is one mystery which was solved recently.

A study conducted by University of Alberta researchers indicated the link between high salt intake leading to kidney stones and osteoporosis. The human body has a molecule which plays a dual role of regulating the levels of calcium as well as absorption of sodium. Sodium is expelled from the body when the intake is high and along with sodium, even calcium is expelled in the urine. On one hand high calcium level in urine leads to formation of kidney stones and the inadequacy of calcium can lead to osteoporosis which is a condition where the bone density is reduced. Statistics in the United States show that 10% of adults are likely to suffer from kidney stones at least once in their lifetime and about 10 million people suffer from osteoporosis. High sodium intake in the daily diet can lead to these medical consequences and hence a low sodium diet should be adapted.

It is observed that in 5 grams of salt there is about 2 grams sodium. Foods like processed cheese, meat pizza, potato chips, french fries, etc are high in sodium and should be avoided in the daily diet.

Think twice before you reach for that salt shaker!

Contributed by Sneha Shenoy


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